Finland Natural Environment

Geography of Finland 

Finland is situated in the Fenno-Scandia region of northern Europe, and has land borders with Russia and Sweden to the east and west and Norway to the north.  Its southeast, southwest and west boundaries are surrounded by the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia, respectively.  The country has an area of 337,030 sq km, 10% of which is made up of inland waters and thousands of lakes.  About one-third of the length of the country from north to south is within the Artic Circle.  It has a coastline of over about 1,120 km, not including its many thousands of islands.

The terrain of the country consists of plains, and rugged and indented coastlines in the south and west facing the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Bothnia.  Most of the thousands of islands are located off the coast in the south as part of the archipelago of the Åland Islands in the Baltics, and along the southern coast in the Gulf of Finland.  The central region is covered by plateaus with most of the 60,000 lakes.  The northern region consists of higher grounds covered by forests, with the Haltia mountain (at 1,328 m above sea level) in the extreme north at the border with Norway being the highest point in the country.

Finland's capital, Helsinki, is located on the country's southern coast.

Last edited Dec 17, 08 10:41 AM. Contributors: Contributors: Andrew W.
Finland Climate 

Finland has a artic climate with mild summers and very cold winters, although it is moderated by the warm Gulf Stream and westerly winds.  The average temperature in the winter ranges from -14°C to -3°C, and the summer ranges from 13°C to 18°C.  There is a long period of snow in the far north of at least 250 days, whereas the Baltic coastal region has snow cover of about 90 days, and average annual precipitation is about 43 cm in the north versus 71 cm in the south.

With the country being close to the Artic, in winter, the number of days with continuous darkness without daylight increases as one moves north.  In the far north it is about 2 months in a year; in the far south the number of daylight hours is limited to about 6 hours a day during midwinter.  One can see the aurora borealis or northern lights on display. 

 

In the summer, the number of days of continuous daylight increases as one goes farther north. In the far north, there is 24-hour daylight for more than two months in a year; in the south, continuous daylight averages about 19 hours a day in midsummer.

 

Last edited Dec 17, 08 10:41 AM. Contributors: Contributors: Andrew W.
Kaamanen, Finland
I never thought before to go to the North Pole, but once i met a friend who went there and told me how amazing is. So, I decided to go with four friends and it have been one of the best experiences in my life. We went during January, therefore, when we arrive it was all complete white. We went from Copenhagen to Ivalo aiport and there we took a taxi until the bus station where we needed to take a bus to Jokitorma/Kaamanen. It was perfect because the bus stopped just in front of our hostel. A wood house between nothing, just snow and silence. Silence. It was the first time in my life that I heard the silence, and it was amazing. In the hostel we contact with a very nice woman who rent her snowmobilings for us. We met some natural people from there, called Sami's and it was the best thing in our trip. They showed us a lot of things from there, their customs and works. They were farmers of rendieers, an really beutiful animal, more in their natural habitat. Also this people showed us how they live and they explain us how is Kaamanen in other seasons. How common is to see the Northen Lights and wich is the perfect weather to see it. In Inari, more or less near to Kaamanen by bus, you can find the Siida Museum, that it's so cheap and really nice. In this museum you can find all the information about Sami's culture as well as about the fauna, weather and all natural things in Lapland. Probably you will see as well expositions of Sami's artists (pictures, clothes, etc) and is really interesting. Moreover, in Siida there is a open air ice theater! that is sooo cold but very nice. In this ice theater during January they celebrate a Cinema Festival, where they show films of Sami's directors and producers, but also some films from other countries like England, Norway, etc. So some of this films are in finish but also you can see some of them with english subtitles. Definitly you should go there, but only if you love the nature, to know a really unknown and amazing culture, and if you want to meet a really kind and lovely people. Kiitos!!
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Tampere, Western Finland, Finland
Tampere is a nice small city in Finland. Good weather in the summer and the city is very accessible with good transportation. We stayed just outside the centre about 10 mins walk. The lake front area is re-furbished and has good cruise trips on the twin lakes that surround the city. Beware that it is not cheap but the nightlife is good, particularly if you like rock or heavy metal. Locals are very friendly.

Nightlife
Sightseeing
Lake Cruise
Shopping
Rock music
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Salla, Northern Finland, Finland
In the winter months check the weather - might get REALLY cold.
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Kittila, Northern Finland, Finland
Remember Lapland consists of 3 countries - one of them being Finland. Whilst it is absolutely fantastic to go in winter thick deep in snow it is also absolutely beautiful to go in the summer months. Having said that these are 2 extreme seasons for the LAPLAND area. In winter it is absolutely heaving with tourist. In Summer it is pretty much dead but what a beautiful place to go to - but always bring your sweaters jackets - even though it is summer. Their winter temperatures are as low as approximately -30 degrees celsius but their summers are about 11 - 15 degrees. Unless you get lucky but do not chance it. As these place are pretty remote as far up North of the globe things tend to be expensive. Levi certainly is pretty expensive and even more so in the winter due to the tourist season. Book months in advance for your skiing or your Santa visits. Most importantly in the summer you will be bitten by millions of mosquitoes and they are the size of juggernauts. I am not kidding. Nightlife in the summer is almost non-existent - so could be quite boring if that is what you are looking for. Taxis can be pretty expensive too. Majority of the locals speak English which is quite impressive. They are very helpful polite people.
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Ivalo, Northern Finland, Finland
depaysement garantie avec des temperatures allant entre -40 et -7, ce n'est qu'a 3h30 de paris, pour le reve.... chien de traineau, motoneige et surtout renne de traineau,avec des endroits magnifiques et des gens inoubliables, avec leur culture, à faire absolument, la finlande j'aimeeeeeeeeeee
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