First discovered by Captain James Cook in 1788, the island was first inhabited by the British Penal Colony of New South Whales but now primarily comprise the descendants of the Bounty Mutineers, relocated from Pitcairn Island. In all, the island hosts just under 2000 residents. Norfolk Island’s most distinct symbol is the Norfolk pine, slow growing giants that reach a height of over sixty metres with a girth of over eleven meters. Once covering the entire island, today only about 5% of the native forest remains. The Norfolk Island territory includes Norfolk, Philip and Nepean islands. Activities on Norfolk include wandering the historical cities in the major settlement areas such as Burnt Pine, mountain biking and hiking, as well as snorkeling the neighbouring waters.