Travel Tips for History of Pakistan
Karachi, Sindh Region, Pakistan
Karachi a city brimming with happenings. Port city with lots of history pre partition of India-Pakistan. Night life is fun along the long cornich at the beach. Shopping is great at the new plaza malls or for ethnic bargains, check out the Zainab bazaar. Food is great specially at Clifton and do try out the late night paan(betel leaf) shops or qulfi(icecream) in bahadrabad. Lots of fun sports club in Defence area(membership required). Sight seeing places are Tha Qaid's mosoleum and paradise point worth visiting. Overall a must see city when visiting Pakistan. Do be careful of roadside unexpected robberies that happen to few but do be watchful!
Lahore, Punjab Region, Pakistan
Lahore has been the capital of the Mughal Empire and of that of the Sikhs. Lahore is located near the only border crossing with India that is currently open, in the Pakistani part of the Punjab . While you will see many Sikhs on the Indian side of the border, here the people are almost all Muslim. Lahore is regarded as the heart of Pakistan and also the heart and mind of The Punjab. It is both educational and cultural capital of Pakistan and only two and half hours away from Harrapa the oldest civilized city of the world. Lahore is perhaps the continuation of the north part of the Great Indus valley civilization The climate of Lahore is very healthy and salubrious. Except for some days in summer Lahore is a pleasant place to live. There are two main seasons, namely the winter and the summer. The monsoons are at their peak during July and August, and during these two months there is more than half of the annual rainfall. Lahore is the capital of the Punjab province of Pakistan and is one of the oldest cities of the world. Many believe its history goes back Mahabharata and many others believe that Lahore was established by Loh or Lava, the son of Rama, the renowned hero of the Hindu epic the Ramayana . However, others believe it derives from the word loh-awar, which means a fort as strong as iron and which refers to the fort built to protect the city.
Lahore is on the bank of River Ravi. Lahore has played a significant role in the region. It has been the capital of Punjab province for almost a thousand years. The city first achieved this status during the Ghaznavid dynasty (977–1187). It continued as such under the rule of Muhammad of Ghor as well as under several sultans of Delhi . Qutb-ud-din Aibak became the first Muslim sultan in the area after being crowned in Lahore in 1206. From 1524 to 1752, the Mughal dynasty (1526–1857) raised the level of prominence of Lahore by adding considerably to its architecture and size. Akbar (reigned 1556–1605) was responsible for overseeing the construction of the Lahore Fort, which was built over an old fort. In addition, he had a red-brick wall with twelve impressive gates constructed around the city. Shah Jahan (1592–1666) and Janhangir (reigned 1605–1627) contributed palaces, tombs, and gardens to the city landscape and enlarged the fort. The last great Mughal, Aurangzeb, had the famous monument the Badshahi Mosque built along with the Alamgiri gateway to the fort.
The eighteenth century witnessed constant invasions throughout the region, which laid Lahore open to capture by Ranjit Singh (reigned 1801–1839) in 1799. His control over Lahore afforded him the legitimacy that he needed to become emperor. Unfortunately, the Sikh era was not kind to Lahore ; the existing structures were not well maintained, and few new ones were built. When the British arrived in Lahore in 1849, they initially constructed practical facilities for the administration of the capital. Later, however, they worked to preserve some of the ancient structures and eventually added their own Victorian style of architecture, named Mughal-Gothic, to the city.