Thailand Plants & Animals

Plants
Thailand has an enormous variety of plant species, the majority of which remain undocumented at this time. About 1 in every 120 specimens that have been documented have proven to be new to science, leading to the discovery of over 1883 new species in total. In all, it is believed that Thailand may host as many plant species as all of Europe.
 
Of particular beauty and importance to Thai culture are 9 trees believed to bring good fortune and happiness. These include:
  • Golden Shower
  • Javanese Cassia
  • Coral Tree
  • Bamboo
  • Common Tembusa
  • Kalamona
  • Teak
  • Blackwood
  • Jackfruit
Thailand also has a number of indigenous orchids. Lotus flowers also grow within the country.

Animals
Thailand has an amazing abundance of animal, with over 248 mammal species, 1338 species of butterflies and 401 different species of reptiles. A simple trek into one of Thailand’s many national parks can bring one face to face with elephants, great Thornbills, wild macaque monkeys, and a variety of other remarkable animals. The Mekong river running along the Thai-Laotian border is home to the largest freshwater fish species in the world such as the Giant Freshwater Stingray and the Giant Mekong Catfish, the largest of which was recorded at over 2 meters in length and weighing 636 pounds. Here are some examples of animals that can be seen in Thailand:

Mammals:
  • Asiatic Elephant
  • Jungle Cat
  • The Great Thornbill
  • Malayan Sun-bear
  • Banded palm civet
  • Common dolphin
  • Clawless Otter
  • Otter Civet
  • Binturong
  • Three-striped palm civet
  • Hog-badger
  • Brush-tailed Porcupine
  • Hog Deer
  • Minke whale
  • Sei whale
  • Gaur
  • Banteng
  • Golden Jackal
  • Asian Golden Cat
  • Eld's Deer
  • Schombugk's Deer
  • Sambar Deer
  • Dhole (Asian Wild Dog)
  • Sunda Flying Lemur
  • Sumatran Rhinoceros
  • Dugong
  • Jungle Cat
  • Black-handed Gibbon
  • White-handed Gibbon
  • Pileated Gibbon
  • Siamang
  • Parti-coloured Flying Squirrel
  • Stump-tail macaque
  • Assamese Macaque
  • Long-tailed Macaque
  • Rhesus Macaque
  • Pig-tailed Macaque
  • Malayan pangolin
  • Chinese pangolin
  • Yellow-throated Marten
  • Fea's Muntjak
  • Red Muntjak
  • Goral
  • Sumatran serow
  • Black Finless Porpoise
  • Irrawaddy dolphin
  • Leopard
  • Tiger
  • Cloud Leopard
  • Sperm whale
  • Mitered leaf-monkey
  • Leopard Cat
  • Flat-headed Cat
  • Fishing Cat
  • Linsang
  • Common island flying fox
  • Spinner dolphin
  • Rough-toothed dolphin
  • Wild pig
  • Malay tapir
  • Silvered langur
  • Lesser mouse-deer
  • Bottlenose dolphin
  • Pygmy Treeshrew
  • Asiatic Black Bear
Reptiles:
  • Siamese Crocodile
  • Saltwater Crocodile
  • Cat Gecko
  • Asiatic Softshell Turtle
  • Malayan Pit Viper
  • Kanburi Pit Viper
  • Loggerhead Turtle
  • Jerdon's Sea Snake
  • Asian Giant Tortoise
  • Sumatran Short-tailed Python
  • Asiatic Rock Python
  • Reticulated Python
  • Common Flying Gecko
  • Gekko gecko
  • Black Turtle
  • Malayan Krait
  • King Cobra
  • Indochinese Spitting Cobra
  • Coral Snakes
  • Oriental Whip Snake
  • Southern Bridle Snake
Birds:
  • The Great Thornbill
  • Blue-eared Kingfisher
  • White-breasted Waterhen
  • Mandarin Duck
  • Swan Goose
  • Javan Pond-Heron
  • Gould's Frogmouth
  • Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl
  • Greater Flameback
  • White Stork
  • Chestnut-winged Cuckoo
  • Short-toed Snake-Eagle
  • Malaysian Blue-Flycatcher
  • Hair-crested Drongo
  • Black-headed Ibis
  • Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot
  • Purple Swamphen
  • Pin-tailed Parrotfinch
  • Asian Fairy-bluebird
  • Great Argus Pheasant
  • Asian Paradise flycatcher
  • Wreathed Hornbill
  • Eurasian Jay
  • Crested Fireback Pheasant
  • Himalayan Griffon
Last edited Aug 30, 07 3:19 PM.