ADD TO LISTFew travelers make their way to Bergama when visiting Turkey, and those that do usually only make a brief stop to see the Pergamon. Other destinations such as Izmir and Selcuk may be more interesting to visit in the area. Know something about Bergama? Help us out by adding your favorite spots to this Bergama travel guide.
Travel Tips from people who've been to Bergama
The Pergamon Theatre was built on a steep slope and is one of the most elegant architectural constructions of the Hellenistic era. Being the steepest theatre of Western Anatolia, it has a capacity of holding 10.000 people. The part where the viewers sit are made up of 80 rows the row on the very top is 36 m. Higher than the level place of the orchestra. The stage part was made of wood in the Hellenistic era and was only set up on play days and was taken down later. The Archaeological Museum and Ethnographical Museum was first found in todays Peoples Education center in 1924 by Osman Bayatli. Later the construction of todays modern building began in 1933 and with the help of the German Archeological Institute it was completed in 1936. In the museum there are 10516 works of art. Of these 5350 are archaeologic, 1936 are ethnographic and 3201 are coins. There are also 24 court registrations and 5 seals. The archaeologic works belong to the Archaic, Classic, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzanti an periods. The Ethnographic works are made of materials belonging to the Ottoman period and Bergama region stells and sycopages are displayed in the outer yard of the museum. In the inner yard architectural pieces in chronological order (architravs, colu mns and column capitals) , low reliefs, colossal sculptures and stone inscriptions are displayed. In the first archaeologic salon: Bronze Age Cremics (yortan), archaic, classic (Pitane ceramics), Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantian (Pergamon, Greneum, Myrine ce ramics) marble statuettes and coins are displayed. In the second archaeologic salon: Roman period glass objects, ceramic objects, portraits, mozaik floors with Medusas picture and architectural decoration works are displayed. In the ethnographic salon: Weawing looms of the 18th and 20th century and sp ecific examples of the peoples culture are displayed. In the list museums in Izmir and its provinces the Bergama Museum attracts the most tourists after Ephesus Museum. On a small hill, some hundred metres, above Bergama is the Acropolis. From the old town the road winds round the hill and it is as long as 5 km. I was lucky and got a lift with an archaeologist staying at the same pension as me. Going back down again you don't have to follow the road all way but can take a shortcut down the hill. Here you can see the ruins of the Temple of Zeus (only the foundation), the Temple of Trajan (with re-erected marble columns), the huge theatre spreading out on the slope and the famous Library of Pergamum. It is said that the library once held 200 000 volumes. They were later taken by Mark Anthony and given to Cleopatra in Egypt. Entrance fee is 10 000 000 TL.
One of the most impressive temple of ancient time stands here, most of the temple is now to be seen in a Museum in Berlin, Germany.
Very interesting historical places but nothing else to do around. No need to stay there; just a glimpse and goodbye..